Eye Conditions

In this section you will find information on various treatable eye conditions.


AMD

AMD or Age-Related Macular Degeneration is the most common cause of vision loss in the over 50s. With age, the macula – central part of the retina responsible for detailed vision – can begin to break down, causing blurred vision. There are two main types of AMD, being Wet and Dry. Read More…

ASTIGMATISM

ASTIGMATISM is a common condition of the eye that causes blurred or distorted vision. Affecting perhaps as many as one third of people, it occurs when the cornea or lens is not a perfectly curved shape and is slightly more like a rugby ball than a football in outline. Read More…

AMOUROSIS FUGAX

Amourosis fugax is a symptoms referring to transient loss of vision. It is usually due to vascular insufficiency of the brain that affects both eyes. Read More…

BLEPHARITIS

BLEPHARITIS is an inflammation of the rims of the eyelids, which causes them to become red and swollen, with burning, soreness, itching and some flaking skin. Read More…

BLEPHAROPLASTY

BLEPHAROPLASTY is an operation commonly performed on upper eyelids whereby overhanging skin which may be cosmetically unacceptable or interfering with vision, can be removed. Read More…

BLEPHAROSPASM

BLEPHAROSPASM is an involuntary contraction, or twitching, of one of the muscles that controls the eyelids, causing them to close and thus obstruct vision. Read More…

CATARACT

CATARACT is an ageing condition of the lens which eventually affects most people. As the lens clouds over blurred vision occurs and this cannot be eliminated with glasses. Read More…

CYSTS or CHALAZION

CYSTS or CHALAZION can occur as a lump on the eyelid, caused by a blocked meibomian gland. They are quite common, usually painless nodules, but they may become acutely inflamed. Read More…

CONJUNCTIVITIS

Conjunctivitis is the commonest cause of red sticky eyes and occurs usually in both eyes although one may be involved earlier. It does not affect vision and is seldom very painful. Read More…

CORNEAL ULCER (keratitis)

Ulceration of the cornea is usually a painful condition associated with a variable degree of redness and discharge. It is common in individuals who wear contact lenses. Read More…

DIABETIC RETINOPATHY

Despite advancements is the management of diabetes including early diagnosis, prompt treatment and eye screening, diabetic retinopathy remains a common condition requiring active intervention with laser and surgery. Read More…

DOUBLE VISION

Also known as diplopia in medical terminology, double vision is due to imbalance in eye movements. It usually refers to a state whereby the two eyes fail to move in synchrony, one eye lagging behind in one or more directions of gaze. Read More..

DRY EYE

DRY EYE syndrome usually results from a problem with the tear film that lubricates the eyes. Read More…

ECTROPION / ENTROPION

Eye lid tissues loses their elasticity with age and can result in rolling of the eyelid inwards (entropion) or outwards (ectropion). Read More…

EPIRETINAL MEMBRANE

EPIRETINAL MEMBRANCE, may also be referred to as a Macular Pucker and is caused by changes to the vitreous humor or more rarely, by diabetes. Read More…

FACIAL NERVE OR BELL’S PALSY

Weakness or paralysis of one half of the face is usually due to an unknown presumed to be viral illness affecting the facial nerve. It is frequently self-limiting but may require treatment with steroids to speed up recovery. Read More…

FEMTO PHACO

Femto phaco is the most recent advancement in cataract surgery. Highly precise Femtosecond laser is used instead of a blade to make initial incision and also to make opening in the lens capsule. Read More…

FLOATERS

FLOATERS, are deposits of various size, shape and consistency. They may appear as spots before the eye and move independently. They can be particularly noticeable on bright days or when looking at something bright. Read More…

GLAUCOMA

Glaucoma is a common condition prevalent in over 50’s. In a normal eye, pressure is maintained with a delicate balance between aqueous humor production and absorption. Read More…

INTRAOCULAR LENSES

INTRAOCULAR LENSES, or IOLs, are an artificial appliance inserted directly into the eye to provide permanent corrected vision. Read More…

KERATOCONUS

KERATOCONUS is a degenerative condition of the eye that results in an irregular thinning of the central cornea which can cause gradual blurring of vision. Read More…

LASIK

Lasik eye surgery is now established as a very effective treatment for the correction of refractive errors such as myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. The basic principle of surgery is to reshape the cornea by removing a thin layer form its surface. Read More…

LOW VISION AIDS

In cases with irreversible severe or partial loss of vision due to any cause, magnifying aids and specialized telescopes may be used. Formal assessment of vision and guidance is available in Low Vision Aid Clinic. Read More…

MACULAR HOLE

MACULAR HOLES can occur in the highly sensitive area of the retina called the macula, which is used for fine vision and reading. Although the exact reason for this is not known, they are believed to be caused by the vitreous pulling on the macular. Read More…

MEDICAL VITRECTOMY

In some cases of vitreomacular traction or macular hole, Ocriplasmin injection in to the eye may be an alternative to surgical vitrectomy. Read More…

POSTERIOR CAPSULAR OPACIFICATION

Posterior capsular opacification is a common sequel of cataract surgery which typically presents with loss of clarity of vision and light sensitivity usually months or years after surgery. Read More…

POSTERIOR VITREOUS DETACHMENT

Posterior vitreous detachment abbreviated as PVD is a common phenomenon that implies ageing of the vitreous gel and its separation from the retina. It usually presents with sudden onset of floaters. Floaters associated with PVD can be of any shape and size. Read More…

PRESBYOPIA

PRESBYOPIA is a condition, where with age, the eye has a diminished ability to focus on near objects. A loss of elasticity in the crystalline lens and loss of power in the ciliary muscles are believed to be the causes. Read More…

REFRACTIVE LENS EXCHANGE (RLE)

This technology is particularly beneficial for people who are starting to develop cataracts and when a need has been identified to replace the ageing natural lenses. Read More…

RETINAL DETACHMENT

RETINAL DETACHMENT can occur when the thin lining at the back of the eye called the retina begins to pull away from the blood vessels that supply it with oxygen and nutrients. Read More…

RETINAL DYSTROPHY

Retina is the inner lining of the eyeball. The image is projected on the retina, similar in function to a camera film. From here, the image converted into electrical signals, is relayed to the brain via optic nerve. Read More…

RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION

Occlusion of retinal vein is not a very uncommon condition in the elderly age group. Blood flow exiting the back of the eye via retinal veins is impeded due to age related thickening and hardening of the blood vessel wall. Read More…

RETINOSCHISIS

Retinoschisis means a split in the retinal layers. It is chronic in onset and usually causes no symptoms. It commonly affects both eyes and typically seen in long-sighted middle-aged women. Read More…

SCLERITIS / EPI-SCLERITIS

Inflammation of the white coat of the eye is a rare but painful condition. It can be associated with underlying connective tissue disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. Read More…

UVEITIS

An inflammation or infection of the uvea requires the intervention of an ophthalmic specialist. The uvea is comprised of the middle pigmented vascular layer of the eye and includes the iris, ciliary body and choroid which is the layer next to retina. Read More…

VISUAL FIELD LOSS

Loss of peripheral can be due to a primary eye disease such as retinal or optic nerve disease, or a manifestation of a neurological condition. Read More…

VITREO MACULAR TRACTION (VMT)

Detachment of the vitreous ( please see section on ‘Posterior Vitreous Detachment’) in its early stages may exert a pulling force on the centre of the fovea. Read More…

WATERY EYE

Watering from eyes is a very common symptom. It can be due to relative narrowing of the tear drainage apparatus of the eye. Read More…